The highlights of Asian women in work force in USA
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, a division of U.S. Department of Labor has published some very interesting facts on women in work force in USA. In a report titled ‘Women in the Labor Force’ (2009 Edition) a wide range of employment statistics are highlighted. This particular write-up, to match the interests of the main readers/visitors of the site, is focused on the statistics related to Asian women in USA.
Note that there are no separate official statistics available for only Indian-American women in this detailed survey. So, Asian women’s category is the closest gauge in this case.
The highlights of women in work force in USA: With main focus on Asian women, here are some of the highlights.
- Overall Women in work force: In 2008, 59.5 percent of women (all categories) were in the labor force in America, and this share has been relatively stable over the past several years.
- Unemployment rate for women: In 2008, the overall unemployment rate for women was 5.4 percent, but rates varied by race and ethnicity. The Asian women had the lowest rate:
Asian Women: 3.7 percent
White women: 4.9 percent
Hispanic women: 7.7 percent
Black women: 8.9 percent
- Management Work for women by race: Employed Asian women were more likely to work in the higher paying management, professional, and related occupations in 2008 followed by the rest:
Asian Women: 46 percent
White women: 41 percent
Black women: 31 percent
Hispanic women: 24 percent
- Service occupations: Hispanic women (31 percent) and black women (28 percent) were more likely than white and Asian women (each 19 percent) to work in service occupations.
- Weekly earnings among women by race: Women who worked full time in wage and salary jobs had median usual weekly earnings of $638 in 2008. This represented 80 percent of men’s median weekly earnings ($798). Earnings of Asian ($753) and white ($654) women were substantially higher:
Asian Women: $753 per week
White women: $654 per week
Black women: $554 per week
Hispanic women: $501 per week
- Level of education: The level of education, as expected, was a key factor in the corresponding salary. In 2008, female full-time wage and salary workers aged 25 and older had median salary as below:
High school diploma: $520 per week
Associate degree: $661 per week
Bachelor’s degree or higher: $955 per week
- Poverty rate among women: Women were slightly more likely than men to live in poverty—6 percent, compared with 5 percent. The poverty rate among women by race in 2008 were:
Black: 12 percent
Hispanic: 11 percent
White: 5 percent
Asian: 4 percent
- Foreign-born women: In 2008, foreign-born women were less likely than native-born women to be in the labor force – 55 percent, compared with 60 percent. Of those in the labor force, native-born women were less likely to be unemployed – 5.3 and 6.0 percent, respectively. Among men, the opposite was true. Foreign-born men were more likely than the native born to be in the labor force – 81 percent, compared with 71 percent; and somewhat less likely to be unemployed – 5.7 and 6.2 percent, respectively.
- Mothers with children: From March 1975 to March 2000, the labor force participation rate of mothers with children under age 18 rose from 47 percent to a peak of 73 percent. The participation rate for mothers was 71 percent in 2008. In general, mothers with older children (6 to 17 years of age, none younger) are more likely to participate in the labor force than mothers with younger children (under 6 years of age), and unmarried mothers have higher participation rates than married mothers. In 2008, 76 percent of unmarried mothers were in the labor force, compared with 69 percent of married mothers.
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